Depression - Symptoms, Types, Tests & Treatment

By admin September 30, 2019 in Health

At some point in your life, you might feel sad, low, loss of interest in anything, or does not feel like even doing your daily activities. These are some of the symptoms which maybe we all are familiar with. It is common to go through sadness, feeling down or no pleasure in doing anything, no matter what the reasons are. But, when such behavior or symptoms continue for long and even affecting your life considerably, it may be due to depression.

Depression is a mental health condition in which the victim suffers the overwhelming feeling of sadness, feeling down, loneliness and affects the mental power of a person, such as how he/she thinks, feels and acts. This condition affects the daily life of a victim, and in severe cases, a person may have thoughts of suicide as well.

One thing it is very important to know that the feeling of sadness and loneliness due to depression is quite different than such feelings in the challenging situation in life like the death of a loved one.

Depression – Symptoms, Types, Tests & Treatment

This kind of mental disorder condition can affect people of all ages and can hit them at any time. It is also reported that depression is found two times more in women than men. Also, there are no specific reasons for this condition; every person has different reasons for suffering depression.

This mental disorder is a clinical syndrome; it means it occurs with a group of symptoms.

Symptoms of Depression

If you or any of your loved one is feeling somewhat similar feelings as above, so before going to the conclusion that you are dealing with depression and looking for how to treat depression, the best way is to go through the symptoms of depression.

Depression - Symptoms, Types, Tests & Treatment

Sadness, loneliness or loss of interests are some of the common symptoms of depression, but you must also know other symptoms as well so that you can analyze the right condition.

  • Overwhelming sadness or loneliness
  • Feeling hopeless or worthless
  • Loss of energy
  • Digestive issues
  • Headache
  • Stomach ache
  • Thoughts of suicide or death
  • Increase or decrease in appetite
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Excessive or too low sleep
  • Trouble in concentration or in making decisions
  • Unexplainable crying spells
  • No interest in social gatherings

Types of Depression

Before moving to how to treat depression that includes tests and treatment, it would be good to know more about depression. Let’s learn about different types of depression.

  • Major depression

It is one of the severe mental disorder conditions in which a person experiences change in mood for weeks or months. It commonly includes irritable mood, loss of interest or pleasure in activities you once enjoyed the most. It affects the normal functioning and may also lead to physical symptoms, such as headache, stomach ache, etc.

  • Bipolar disorder

Formerly known as manic depression, this type of depression involves sleeplessness for days and a group of mood disorders. It usually shows a specific pattern of inheritance. These conditions are often chronic and recurring, and sometimes a rapid change in mood.

  • Chronic depression

Also known as dysthymia, in this condition, the symptoms go for a longer period of time and in some cases for years. But, they normally do not disturb the normal activities of a person completely.

  • Psychotic depression

This condition occurs when a person develops hallucinations or delusions. This type of depression can become so severe that a person loses touch with reality and become a victim of the imbalance of dopamine activity in his/her brain.

  • Postpartum depression

This condition is a mixture of physical, mental and behavioral changes in a woman after delivery. It occurs as a result of hormonal, social, and psychological changes a woman has to go through with having a baby.

Tests of Depression

When it comes to diagnosis of depression, you need to consult your doctor or mental health specialist, who will help you in the accurate tests and assist you in getting the safe and effective treatment for your condition.

The doctor recommends the tests to diagnose depression based on your symptoms as well as evaluating you psychologically. In most cases, the doctor asks a number of questions about your physical, emotional and behavioral situations, such as mood, sleep, activity level, thoughts, etc. to know more about your condition.

Depression - Symptoms, Types, Tests & Treatment

Some answers help doctors to evaluate the severity of your depression. He will also ask you about other health problems as a part of physical examination. It is so because some of the health problems, such as thyroid, Vitamin D deficiency can be the cause of triggering the symptoms of depression.

If you ever notice mood-changing or sleeping disorder for long and feel like getting it worse, you must consult a doctor to guide you for how to treat depression. This mental disorder condition should be treated early before inviting risks of complications which are hard to treat completely.

Treatment of Depression

If depression is left untreated, it can trigger many other complications which may result in social, emotional and health consequences for the long term. In severe cases, it may affect the entire life of a person or even end up with suicide by a victim.

When it comes to how to treat depression, the doctor recommends medications or psychotherapy or the combination of both, based on the severity of depression and the existing condition of a person.

Psychotherapy is the first option for treating mild cases of depression, and for moderate and severe cases psychotherapy is used with other treatments.

Depression - Symptoms, Types, Tests & Treatment

Moreover, antidepressant medications are available in the market which can be taken as prescribed by the doctor. It is also recommended to continue taking these medications even after there is an improvement in the symptoms; it is required to avoid the recurrence.

Aerobic exercise and brain stimulation therapies are also used to treat depression.


If you or anyone else you know is signifying the above symptoms or signs of depression, so instead of learning how to treat depression online, you must contact a doctor or mental health professional immediately. He/she will evaluate your condition and recommend the required treatment.

Managing symptoms of depression early helps a lot in triggering other associated health issues.

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